During the journey of becoming adults, children undergo a wide range of changes including emotional, physical, social and cognitive changes. It is during this period when their bodies change in various ways with each change coming at different times.
Girls’ Physical Changes During Puberty
Body changes in girls tend to commence early from around ten to twelve years. In some cases, the changes might start even earlier when the girl is about eight years, or in other cases, changes may delay until the girl is thirteen years. Some of the changes that occur during adolescence in girls include
- The development of breasts
- Changes in height and body shape
- Growth of body and pubic hair
- The commencement of menstruation or periods
For the boy child, physical changes mostly begin around eleven to twelve years. Similarly, they are some special cases where the changes might begin as early as nine years or as late as fourteen years. Some of the physical changes for boys include:
- Changes on voice
- Growth of facial and body hair
- Erections with ejaculation
- Changes in body height and shape
- Growth of testes and the penis
It is prudent to know that young people begin showing physical changes at varying times. This is because bodies are different whereby some tend to develop early and fast while others develop late and slow. In case you are worried about the development of your children, consider talking to a health expert. Similarly, you may find online articles about adolescence and late and early puberty very useful.
Additional Physical Changes
Although the body might be developing physically, thinking skills, emotional development and brain development take place at their pace. This implies that what is observed on the outside doesn’t necessarily mirror what is occurring inside.
It is normal to start noticing that your children are showing intense emotions and strong feelings at times. In most cases, these moods are unpredictable and can result in conflicts now and then. This could be attributed to the fact that their brain is yet to learn and adapt how to express and control emotions maturely. However, as they get older, you will start noticing some improvements in the way they react to emotions. This is simply because their brains have become better at processing and reading the emotions of other people. However, while still developing these crucial skills, your children might sometimes misread body language and facial expressions.
During adolescence, young adults become more conscious, particularly about their physical changes and appearance. Sometimes their self-esteem might be affected by their appearance or simply by how they think they look. This is because they tend to compare their bodies with those of their peers and friends.
The adolescence period also brings about social changes in young adults. They might begin searching for identities and in most cases; the search is influenced by peer groups, family expectations, cultural background and gender. Additionally, they might show signs of seeking extra independence, and this is influenced by the decisions they make as well as the relationship they have with their families and friends. They might also want additional responsibility both at school and at home.
This is also the period they begin exploring their sexual identity including spending time with someone special or engaging in romantic relationships. Mostly, these are not intimate relationships, and for many young people, they don’t engage in sexual or intimate relationships until later in life. Note that, social media, mobile phones, and the internet play big roles in influencing how children communicate with their peers as well as how they learn more things about the world.
Changes In Relationships
Similarly, this period is characterized by dramatic shifts and changes of children relationships with their peers and family. However, children should be encouraged to maintain strong relationships with their friends and families for healthy emotional and social development. They might begin looking for ways to spend lesser time with their families, but more time with their peers and friends. Therefore, the types of friends they keep significantly influence their choices including interests and appearances. Parents should know that the influence they have on their children is critical for their long-term decisions including morals, values and career choices.
Teen development is a lesson every parent should be fully aware of. With such knowledge, a parent can guide his/her child through the right path for proper development. This period is collectively described as puberty and greatly differs from one person to another simply because bodies are not the same.